Settlement risk, in its simplest form, is the risk that one party won’t hold up their end in a transaction. There are several reasons this can occur, including time delay, system failure or default, and can also include risk associated with unexpected cost and/or administrative inconvenience.
What Is Process Alignment Risk?
This is the risk that the business processes within a company may not be appropriately aligned with its corporate strategy, resulting in the inability of the organization to meet the demands of its customers efficiently and effectively. Process alignment can be defined as the synchronization of business process objectives and performance measures with organizational objectives and strategies, with a view to avoiding conflicting, uncoordinated activities.
Risk assessment helps identify and document critical business processes and the internal controls within each process. Combined with facilitated management meetings, this approach can help gain company-wide consensus by including key process owners in risk and controls analysis.
Good process documentation doesn’t just describe how things work—it tells a story of an organization’s modus operandi (MO). As with any storytelling, it’s possible you might sit down to document your process and encounter writer’s block. There it is, the dreaded blank page taunting you as you struggle to decide how to get started.
Most organizations continue to invest a significant number of hours every month in a particular set of activities related to calculating, manipulating and validating critical financial reporting data using spreadsheets. Organizations should be asking whether this level of effort represents incremental value to the financial reporting process and whether this actually does needs to be done in spreadsheets.
It seems like everybody is wearing a lot more hats these days and finance leaders are no exception. Of course, this means that they are finding it increasingly difficult to balance the multitude of responsibilities and non-routine initiatives facing the finance function.
A fast, close-the-books process provides multiple benefits for the finance function and for the company. First, a fast close process creates more time for finance professionals to focus on strategic activities for the company, such as identifying warnings in financial data and providing the corporation's financial direction. It also reduces the cost of the finance function, since fewer hours are needed to close the books. And it demonstrates that the company's controls and systems are well organized; the company sends the message to its competitors and to the investment community that it is expert at performing business processes.
|Busi*ness In*tel”li*gence|, n. - the capacity to acquire and apply business knowledge, the act or state of knowing about your business; to understand and profit from experience; the internal development and sharing of information to create a competitive advantage.
The objectives of a business intelligence competency center (BICC) are to provide the organization with better control over operational and financial reporting, reduce reporting costs, improve consistency, and provide the organization with more complete information for management decisions. BICCs are often business-led cross-functional teams that provide organizational support and guidance for implementation and usage of business intelligence processes and technology. They can live within the IT organization, but more often are business driven.
The internal audit function’s position within a company is unique. It provides its principal stakeholders (audit committee members and management) valuable and objective assurance on governance, risk management and control processes, as well as consulting services to improve operations. With this critical responsibility to fulfill, implicit in executing those duties is internal audit’s continuous improvement to its own practices.
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